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Joe Biden will assume control of the US government in three months’ time, after which he will re-enter the US into institutions the incumbent President removed the US from. He has already signalled his intention to reverse Mr Trump’s decision to exit the Paris Climate Accord, enacted earlier this month, pledging to rejoin the environmental treaty. His intention begs the question as to whether Mr Biden would do the same with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA), which has remained a point of controversy within the current administration.
Would Joe Biden reinstate the Iran nuclear deal?
The Iran nuclear deal – officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action – was a check on Iran’s nuclear power.
The deal forced leadership in the country to reduce stockpiles and enrichment and ensured their nuclear programme remained “exclusively” peaceful.
The US then lifted nuclear-related sanctions on the country, giving them money to thrive elsewhere.
But Mr Trump withdrew from the treaty in 2018, and imposed harsh new sanctions on Iran, leaving its economy “in tatters”.
Ambassador Mitchell Reiss, former Director of US State Department Policy Planning and Special Envoy to Northern Ireland, said the sanctions have caused economic misery in the country and added Mr Biden would focus on “human rights”.
He told Express.co.uk: “The accumulation of economic sanctions, along with the ongoing impact of COVID-19, means that the economy is projected to decrease by another 4.5 percent in the coming year.
“Inflation has accelerated, placing even more pressure on vulnerable households.”
He added: “For the past few years, the United States has not emphasised human rights as one of its foreign policy priorities.
“I am confident that the incoming Biden Administration will speak out forcefully about human rights.”
Mr Reiss’ comments suggest a Biden administration may want to help reduce the hardships of Iranian households and lift the sanctions.
Doing so will likely mean Mr Biden has to return the US to JCPA membership.
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Mr Biden has already made allusions he would rejoin the deal, a crowning achievement of his and president Obama’s administration.
Speaking on his campaign trail earlier this year, Mr Biden promised to dial back tensions with Iran.
He promised to tackle Iran’s influence in “the smart way” as he criticised Mr Trumps’ approach.
His close associates have also declared a potential plan to rejoin the pact.
Ellie Geranmayeh, an Iran specialist at think tank European Council on Foreign Relations, said his associates are in favour of the deal.
She said they would want to adopt its terms as long as it remains strategically viable.
Ms Geranmayeh said: “People who are around Biden and will be part of his foreign policy team are personally invested in the success of the JCPOA, having had a hand in it.
“If you accept that the strategic logic of the nuclear deal is still valid and that there are interests for both sides to get it back on track, then all the problems are manageable.”
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